Manuel Moreira

Professeur des Universités


Université Paris Diderot  - Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
Institut Universitaire de France (jusqu'en 2012)

IPGP, Equipe de Cosmochimie, Astrophysique et Géophysique Expérimentale (CAGE)
1 rue Jussieu,
7505 Paris
France
Tel: +33 1 83 95 74 58

email: moreira  at ipgp.fr

moreira


Thèmes de recherche (scientific interests)

- Histoire du dégazage de l'atmosphère terrestre et des planètes internes (Earth and terrestrial planet atmosphere histories)

- Origine des éléments volatils sur Terre (Origin of volatile elements on terrestrial planets)

- Processus d'irradiation dans le système solaire en formation (Irradiation processes in the young solar system)

- Origine des points chauds et convection (Hot spot origin and mantle convection)

- Processus de dégazage dans les systèmes volcaniques (Degassing processes at volcanic systems)

- Planétologie (Planetology), Cosmochimie (Cosmochemistry)

 

Google Scholar (September 2017)

Sum of times cited : 2679

h-index : 30


Prix - Distinctions

Médaille de bronze du CNRS 2005

Membre de l'Institut Universitaire de France (IUF): 2007-2012

Prix Roth de l'Académie des Sciences (2010)


Responsabilités principales

•    Janvier 2009- Juin 2011: Responsable de l’équipe de Géochimie et Cosmochimie (IPGP).
•    Septembre 2009-décembre 2012 Président de la Commission PEPIN de l'INSU (programmation d'équipement et politique d'instrumentation nationale).
•    Février 2009-Juin 2009 Co-chairman du conseil de la fondation scientifique et technologique (en STU) du Portugal ("ANR" portugaise).
•    Septembre 2007- Sept 2011: Membre élu du Conseil National des Astronomes et Physiciens (Terre Interne)
•    Octobre 2011- : Membre élu du CNU- section 35

•    Janvier 2016- : Responsable de l’équipe de CAGE (IPGP).

Activités administratives depuis 2000

•    Membre nommé du CNU, section 35 (2001-2003).
•    Membre élu du Conseil d’administration de l’Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris. (2000-2003 et 2003-2007)
•    Membre du groupe ad hoc Géochimie (Instrumentation) de l’INSU (2000-2008)
•    Animateur Thème III – DYETI (traceurs manteliques) (2004-2005)
•    Membre CS DYETY de l’INSU  (2005-2006)
•    Membre nommé de la CS de l’université Blaise Pascal de Clermont-Ferrand (section 35) (2004-2007)
•    Membre élu du Conseil Scientifique de l'Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris. (2007-2009)
•    Membre élu de la commission de spécialistes de l'Université Paris-Diderot (section 35) (2007-2009)
•    Membre du conseil de direction de l’IPGP en charge du dossier des observatoires volcanologiques (2004-2009)
•    Membre du comité HCERES du LMV, Clermont Ferrand, novembre 2015
•    Président du comité HCERES du CRPG, Novembre 2016
•    Membre du comité HCERES de l’observatoire Otelo (Nancy) en décembre 2016




Enseignements (teaching)

En 2012-2013:

- Cosmochimie (M1)

- Geochimie isotopique et geodynamique (M1)

- Geochimie générale (L3)

- Préparation CAPES SVT

- Cours en M2 sur les points chauds et le recyclage

- Géochimie magmatique (M2)

- Outils analytiques en géochimie (M2)





LIVRE

Livre


REFERENCES


  1. Moreira M. , Staudacher Th. , Sarda Ph. , Schilling J.G. et Allègre C.J.: A primitive plume neon component in MORB: the Shona ridge-anomaly, South Atlantic, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 133 367-377, 1995.
  2. Allègre C.J., Moreira M. et Staudacher Th., 4He/3He dispersion and mantle convection Geophysical Research letters, 22, 2325-2328, 1995.
  3. Moreira M., Valbracht P.J., Staudacher Th. and Allègre C.J. , Rare gas systematics in Red Sea ridge basalts. Geophys. Res. Lett, 23, 2453-2456, 1996.
  4. Moreira M. et Allègre C.J. , He-Ne systematics and the structure of the mantle, Chemical Geology, Vol 147, 53-59; 1998.
  5. Moreira M., Kunz J. et Allègre C.J., Rare gas systematics on popping rock: estimates of isotopic and elemental compositions in the upper mantle, Science vol 279, 1178-1181, 1998.
  6. Sarda P., Moreira M. and Staudacher T., Argon - lead isotopic correlation in Mid Atlantic Ridge basalts, Science 283, 266-268, 1999.
  7. Moreira M., Doucelance R., Dupré B. M. Kurz et Allègre C.J., Helium and lead isotope geochemistry in the Azores Archipelago, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 169, 189-205, 1999.
  8. Sarda P., Moreira M. and Staudacher T., Origin of Argon-Lead Isotopic Correlation in Basalts, technical comment, Science, 286, 871a, 1999
  9. Sarda P., Moreira M., Staudacher T., Schilling J-G et Allègre C.J., Rare gas systematics on the southernmost Mid-Atlantic ridge: Constraints on the lower mantle and the Dupal source, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 5973-5996, 2000.
  10. Moreira, M., et Sarda, P., Noble gas constraints on degassing processes: Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 176, p. 375-386, 2000.
  11. M. Moreira, CK. Breddam, J. Curtice et M. Kurz, Solar neon in the Icelandic mantle: evidence for an undegassed lower mantle, Earth Planet. sci. Lett, 185, 15-23, 2001.
  12. M. Moreira et M. D. Kurz, Subducted oceanic lithosphere and the origin of the «High µ» basalt helium isotopic signature, Earth Planet. sci. Lett, 189, 49-57, 2001.
  13. P. Sarda et M. Moreira, Vesiculation and vesicle loss in normal Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts: He, Ne, Ar elemental fractionation, Geoch. Cosmoch. acta, 66, 1449-1458, 2002.
  14. M. Moreira et C.J. Allègre Rare gas systematics on Mid Atlantic Ridge (37-40°N), Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 198, 401-416, 2002.
  15. C. Gautheron* et M. Moreira, Helium signature of the subcontinental mantle, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 199, 39-47, 2002.
  16. C. Gautheron* et M. Moreira, Re-interpretation of the existence of a primitive plume under the Australia by neon isotope fractionation during step heating, Terra Nova, 15, 36-39 2003.
  17. R. Doucelance, S. Escrig, M. Moreira, C. Gariépy, M.D. Kurz et C.J. Allègre, Pb-Sr-He isotope and trace element geochemistry of the Cape Verde Archipelago, Geoch. Cosmoch. acta, 67, 3717-3733, 2003
  18. Moreira M., J. Blusztajn, J. Curtice, S. Hart, H. Dick and M. D Kurz, He and Ne isotopes in oceanic crust: implications for noble gas recycling in the mantle, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 216, 635-643, 2003.
  19. Allègre, C.J. and M. Moreira, Rare gas systematics and the origin of oceanic islands: the  key role of entrainment at the 670 km boundary layer, Earth Planet. Sci.  Lett ,228 , 85-92, 2004
  20. Moreira M.  and C.J. Allègre, Helium isotopes on the Macdonald seamount (Austral  chain): constraints on the origin of the superswell, Geoscience, 336, 983-990,  2004
  21. M. D. Kurz,  M. Moreira, J. Curtice, D. E. Lott, J. J. Mahoney and J. M. Sinton, Correlated  helium and neon isotopes on the super-fast spreading East Pacific Rise near  17°, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett , 232, 125-142, 2005
  22. P. Madureira,  M. Moreira, J. Mata, C.J. Allègre, primitive helium and neon isotopes in Terceira  island (Azores archipelago), Earth Planet. Sci. Lett ,  233, 429-440, 2005
  23. C. Gautheron*,  M. Moreira, C.J. Allègre, He, Ne and Ar composition of the European lithospheric  mantle, chemical geology , 217, 97-112, 2005
  24. M. Moreira and P. Madureira, Cosmogenic helium and neon in 11My old ultramafic xenoliths: consequences for mantle signatures in old samples,G3, vol6 N°8, 18 august 2005.
  25. S. Escrig, R. Doucelance, M. Moreira and C.J. Allègre, Os isotope systematics in Fogo island : evidence for lower continental crust fragments under the Cape Verde Southern islands, Chemical Geology, 219, 93-113, 2005
  26. C. Gautheron*, P. Cartigny, M. Moreira, J.. W. Harris  and C. J. Allegre, Evidence for a mantle component shown by rare gases, C and N-isotopes in polycrystalline diamonds from Orapa (Botswana), Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 240, 559-572, 2006
  27. S. Doucet$, M. Moreira, D. Weis, J. S. Scoates, A. Giret and C. Allegre, Primitive Neon and Helium Isotopic Composition of Kerguelen Basalts as evidences for a low 4He/3He Kerguelen Hotspot, Earth Planet. Sci. Letters 241, 65-79, 2006
  28. C. Gautheron*, P. Cartigny, M.  Moreira, J.W. Harris and C.J. Allègre, Reply to: “Recycled” volatiles in mantle derived diamonds -Evidence from nitrogen and noble gas isotopic data, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 252, 220-222, 2006
  29. M. Moreira, Constraints on the origin of the 129Xe on Earth using the tellurium double beta decay, Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 264, 114-122, 2007
  30. M. Moreira and A. Raquin, The origin of rare gases on Earth: the noble gas "subduction" barrier revisited, Comptes Rendus Geosciences, 339, 937-945, 2007
  31. M. Moreira, L. Dosso and H. Ondréas, Helium isotopes on the Pacific-Antarctic ridge (52.5-41.5°S), Vol 35 Geophysical Research letters, L10306, 2008
  32. Raquin A. * , Moreira, M. and Guillon, F.. He, Ne and Ar systematics in single vesicles: Mantle isotopic ratios and origin of the air component in basaltic glasses. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 274: 142-150, 2008
  33. Gillmann C., P. Lognonné, E. Chassefière, M. Moreira The present-day atmosphere of Mars: Where does it come from? Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 277, Issues 3-4, 30 January 2009, Pages 384-393
  34. Marty B.  et al., Kronos: exploring the depths of Saturn with probes and remote sensing through an international mission, Exp Astron, 23:947–976, 2009
  35. Raquin A. * and M. Moreira, Atmospheric 38Ar/36Ar in the mantle: implications for the nature of the terrestrial parent bodies, 287, Issues 3-4, 15 October 2009, Pages 551-558, EPSL
  36. Kurz M., J. Curtice, D. Fornari, D. Geist and M. Moreira ; Primitive neon from the Galapagos hotspot, EPSL, 286, 23-34, 2009
  37. Mourão* C., J. Mata, R. Doucelance , J. Madeira, A. Brum da Silveira; L. C. Silva  & M. Moreira, Quaternary extrusive calciocarbonatite volcanism on Brava Island (Cape Verde): A nephelinite-carbonatite immiscibility product, South African Journal of Geology, Volume 56, Issues 2-3, Pages 59-74, 2010
  38. M. Javoy, E. Kaminski, F. Guyot, D. Andrault, C. Sanloup, M. Moreira, S. Labrosse, A. Jambon, P. Agrinier, A. Davaille, C. Jaupart, The chemical composition of the Earth: Enstatite chondrite models, EPSL, Volume 293, Issues 3-4, 1 May 2010, Pages 259-268
  39. J. Mata; M. Moreira; R. Doucelance; M. Ader; L. C Silva, Noble gases and carbon isotopic signatures of Cape Verde oceanic carbonatites: implications fo carbon provenance, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 291, Issues 1-4, 1 March 2010, Pages 70-83.
  40. L. Ruzié* and M. Moreira, Magma Degassing Process during Plinian Eruptions, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 192 (2010) 142–150
  41. F. Nauret$, Moreira M., Snow J.E, Rare gases in lavas from the ultra-slow spreading ridge Lena Trough, Arctic Ocean, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 11, Q0AC04, doi:10.1029/2010GC003027 (2010).
  42. R. Doucelance, T. Hammouda, M. Moreira, J. C. Martins, Geochemical constraints on depth of origin of oceanic carbonatites: The Cape Verde case, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74, 7261-7282, 2010.
  43. Hamelin C., Dosso L., Hanan B., Moreira, M., Kositsky A. P., Geochemical portray of the Pacific ridge: new isotopic data and statistical techniques, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 302, 154-162, 2011.
  44. M. Moreira, J. Escartin, E. Gayer, C. Hamelin, A. Bezos, F. Guillon  and M. Cannat, Rare gas systematics on Lucky Strike basalts (37°N, North Atlantic): evidence for efficient homogenization in a long-lived magma chamber system? Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L08304, doi:10.1029/2011GL046794.
  45. N. Coltice, M. Moreira, J. Hernlund, S. Labrosse, Helium and Neon in mantle plumes record the crystallization of a basal magma océan EPSL, 308, 193-199, 2011.
  46. S. Charnoz, L. Fouchet, J. Aleon ,M.  Moreira, A lagrangian code for the 3D transport of solids in a turbulent protoplanetary disk: method and first applications, ApJ, 737, 2011.
  47. Gillmann C., P. Lognonné, M. Moreira, Volatiles in the atmosphere of Mars: The effects of volcanism and escape constrained by isotopic data, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 303 (2011) 299–309.
  48. Mourão* C.; M. Moreira; J. Mata; A. Raquin; J. Madeira, Primary and secondary processes constraining the  noble gas isotopic signatures of carbonatites and silicate rocks  from Brava Island : evidence for a lower mantle origin of the Cape Verde plume, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology,  163, 995–1009, 2012
  49. Mourão* C.; J. Mata, R. Doucelance ; J. Madeira ; M-A Millet and M. Moreira ; Geochemical temporal evolution of Brava Island magmatism: Constraints on the variability of Cape Verde mantle sources and on carbonatite–silicate magma linkn Chemical Geology, 334, 44-61 (2012).
  50. L. Ruzié*, M. Moreira, O. Crispi, Noble gas isotopes in hydrothermal volcanic fluids of La Soufrière volcano, Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles arc, Chemical Geology 304-305 (2012) 158–165
  51. M. Moreira, A. Kanzari, P. Madureira , Helium and neon isotopes in the Nordest volcanic zone, Sao Miguel island, Azores, Chemical Geology, 322–323 (2012) 91–98.
  52. J. Labidi, P. Cartigny, M. Moreira, Non-chondritic sulphur isotope composition of the terrestrial mantle, Nature,   501, 208–211 2013
  53. L. Ruzié*, C. Aubaud , M. Moreira , P. Agrinier , C. Dessert, C. Gréau and O. Crispi, Carbon and helium isotopes in thermal springs of La Soufrière volcano (Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles): implications for volcanological monitoring, Chemical Geology, Volume 359, Pages 70-80, 2013
  54. T. Breton, F. Nauret, S. Pichat, B. Moine, M. Moreira, E. F. Rose-Koga, D.Auclair, C. Bosq, L-M Wavrant, Geochemical heterogeneities within the Crozet hotspot, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 376, , Pages 126-136, 2013
  55. Moreira M., Noble gas constraints on the origin and evolution of Earth's volatiles, Geochemical Perspectives collection, 2013. 175p
  56. M. Valdes, M. Moreira, J. Foriel, F. Moynier, The nature of Earth’s building blocks as revealed by calcium isotopes, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 394, Pages 135-145, 2014
  57. N. Metrich, V. Zanon, L. Creon, A. Hildenbrand, M. Moreira and F. Marques, Is the ‘Azores Hotspot’ a Wetspot? Insights from the Geochemistry of Fluid and Melt Inclusions in Olivine of Pico Basalts, J. Petrology , 55 (2): 377-393, 2014
  58. P. Madureira, M. Moreira, J. Nunes, N. Lourenço, C. Gautheron, R. Carvalho, J. Mata, M. Pinto de Abreu, Helium isotope systematics in the vicinity of the Azores Triple Junction: constraints on the Azores geodynamics, Chemical Geology, Volume 372, Pages 62-71, 2014.
  59. F. Girault, F. Perrier, R. Crockett, M. Bhattarai, B. Prasad Koirala, C. France-Lanord, P. Agrinier, M. Ader, F. Fluteau, C. Gréau and M. Moreira, The Syabru-Bensi hydrothermal system in Central Nepal Part I – Characterization of carbon dioxide and radon fluxes, sous presse à Journal of Geophysical Research (Solid Earth), 2014.
  60. J. Labidi, P. Cartigny, C.Hamelin, M.Moreira, L.Dosso, Sulfur isotope budget (32S, 33S, 34S and 36S) in Pacific-Antarctic ridge basalts: A record of mantle source heterogeneity and hydrothermal sulfide assimilation Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 133, 47–67. 2014
  61. B. Mougel*, M. Moreira and A. Agranier, A « high 4He/3He” mantle material detected under the East Pacific Rise (15°4’N), GRL, Volume 42, Issue 5,  1375–1383, 2015.
  62. R. Camilli, P. Nomikou , J. Escartin , P. Ridao , A. Mallios , S. Kilias , A. Argyraki , M. Andreani , V. Ballu , R. Campos , C. Deplus , T. Gabsi , R. Garcia , N. Gracias , N. Hurtos , L. Magi , C. Mevel , M. Moreira , N. Palomeras , O. Pot , D. Ribas , L. Ruzie , D. Sakellariou The Kallisti Limnes, carbon dioxide-accumulating subsea pools, accepted , Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 12152. 2015
  63. Colin A.$, M. Moreira, C. Gautheron and P. Burnard, Constraint on the noble gas composition of the Icelandic plume source from bubble by bubble analyses, Chemical Geology, 417, 173-183, 2015
  64. Gautheron, C., M. Moreira, C. Gerin, L. Tassa,-Got, A. Bezos, and E. Humler, Helium isotope systematics in the southwest Indian Ocean: constraints on the DUPAL anomaly, Chemical geology, 417, 163-172, 2015.
  65. M. Moreira and S. Charnoz, The origin of the neon isotopes in chondrites and Earth, EPSL, 433, 249-256, 2016
  66. Chavrit$, D., M. Moreira  and F. Moynier (2016). "Extraterrestrial He and Ne systematics in marine sediments." Earth and Planetary Science Letters  436: 10-18.
  67. Pringle, E., F. Moynier , P. Savage, M. Jackson, M. Moreira and J. Day (2016). "Silicon isotopes reveal recycled altered oceanic crust in the mantle sources of ocean island basalts." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 189: 282-295.
  68. Péron*, S., M. Moreira , A. Colin, L. Arbaret, N. Putlitz and M. D. Kurz (2016). "Neon isotopic composition of the mantle constrained by single vesicle analyses." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 449: 145–154.
  69. Madureira, P. C. Rosa; A.F. Marques; P. Silva; M. Moreira; C. Hamelin; J. Relvas; N. Lourenço; P. Conceição; M. Pinto de Abreu; F. Barriga (2017), The 1998-2001 submarine lava balloon eruption at the Serreta Ridge (Azores archipelago): constraints from volcanic facies architecture, isotope geochemistry and magnetic data, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 329, 13–29.
  70. Jaupart*, E., S. Charnoz and M. Moreira (2017). "Primordial atmosphere incorporation in planetary embryos and the origin of terrestrial Neon." Icarus 293: 199-205. (E. Jaupart était en stage de L3 avec S. Charnoz et M. Moreira)
  71. Peron*, S., M. Moreira, B. Putlitz and M. D. Kurz (2017). "Solar wind implantation supplied light volatiles during the first stage of Earth accretion." Geochemical perspective letters 3: doi: 10.7185/geochemlet.1718.
  72. Rose-Koga, E., K. Koga, M. Moreira, I. Vlatsletic, M. Jackson, M. Whiteouse, N. Shimizu and N. Habib (2017). "Geochemical systematics of Pb isotopes, fluorine, and sulfur in melt inclusions from São Miguel, Azores." chemical geology 458: 22-37.
  73.  Girault, F., F. Perrier, M. Moreira, B. Zanda, P. Rochette and Y. Teiltler (2017). "Effective radium-226 concentration in meteorites." geochimica cosmochimica acta 208: 198-219.
  74. Mata, J., S. Martins, N. Mattiellli, J. Madeira, B. Faria, R. S. Ramalho, M. Silva, M. Moreira, R. Caldeira, M. Moreira, J. Rodrigues and L. Martins (2017). "The 2014-15 eruption and the short-term geochemical evolution of the Fogo volcano (Cape Verde): evidence for small-scale mantle heterogeneity." Lithos 288-289: 91-107.

Chapitres de Livre

Moreira M., M.D. Kurz, Noble gases as tracers of mantle processes and magmatic degassing, in the book : The Noble Gases as Geochemical Tracers, ed : P. Burnard, 371-391, 2013

Moreira, M., Madureira, P. and J. Mata Noble gas constraints on the origin of the Azores hotspot, Springer Book chapter, 2017 (sous presse).