Figure 1. Location and geodynamical context of Mt. Merapi (2964 m). Merapi is a young strato-volcano located in Central Java, Indonesia, in a frontal subduction zone. Population of Yogyakarta (25 km from the summit) and arround is about 3 millions people, up to 500,000 are living directly on the flank of the volcano, above 500 m of elevation. Merapi is one of the « Decade Volcano » declared by the United Nations IDNDR program.

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